In Sentence Stress and Rhythm, the “scaffolding” used is Beyond literal stories to other forms. Now learners can also try listening to discussions of more abstract topics that are highly familiar to them. In general, abstract discussions are considered more difficult to deal with than concrete stories. However, in a new language, an abstract discussion of a topic that is highly familiar to the listener is often a lot easier to understand than an unfamiliar story. The topic needs to be one that is understood similarly in both home world and host world. The learner may be familiar with arithmetic, but it may be that the way arithmetic is approached and discussed in the host world is so different from the way the learners are accustomed to that arithmetic will not be a familiar topic.